What is a trademark class?

What is a trademark class?

Understanding the U.S. Trademark Classes is essential for attaining the best results from your trademarks. By choosing a wrong class, or simply not selecting one at all, you could be giving up valuable rights and benefits.

Trademark Class Definition

A trademark is a word, phrase, symbol, design, or a combination of these things that identifies your goods or services.

The USPTO created the trademark class system to help track and categorize goods and services. The USPTO uses the Nice classification system. Many countries also use this system.

There are 45 trademark classes. For example, if you want to protect your business’s name for clothing, it would fall under Class 25, as well as any other apparel that could be sold in a retail store (e.g., hats or belts).

Choosing a Trademark Class

The next step is to determine which trademark classes your product or service falls under, which can be a tricky business. The U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) has an entire system of 45 categories that cover a wide range of industries—from food to clothing to arts and entertainment.

To begin your search for the appropriate class, first use the USPTO’s search system to identify existing businesses that have already registered trademarks for a similar product or services. This will give you an idea of what specific wordings other businesses have chosen in their descriptions—this information will help you navigate through all 45 options during your registration process.

You can also type in your products and services in the Trademark ID Manual and it will give you the appropriate class to file under.

If your trademark is “in use”, meaning people can purchase your goods or services, you can only choose the trademark classes for the goods and services in which you are selling. 

However, if you plan on launching something in the near future but it’s not available yet for purchase or consumption, then you can file under a class on an “intent to use” basis. 

It is EXTREMELY important that you choose the right class, because if you don’t you may end up receiving an office action that you’ll need to respond to to cure the issue. 

Most Frequently Used Trademark Classes at Wilson Murphy Law

Because we work with a lot of service based businesses and online course creators, we find ourselves filing under the following classes often. 

Class 09: Class 09 is the class you’d use if you have a downloadable podcast, downloadable videos, or downloadable templates.

Class 25: This class is where all of your apparel items are including shirts, pants, athletic wear, hats, and more.

Class 35: This is where all of the advertising and business services fall such as administration, management, marketing, etc. 

Class 41: Class 41 is for education and entertainment services. You’ll find event planning, trainings, courses, workshops, concerts, and more under this class. 

Which trademark class should you choose?

To put it simply, a trademark class is nothing more than the category that you assign to your trademark. In other words, you use the class to distinguish one mark from the other. For example, if you have a trademark for a product WOW (gadgets) and another based on WOW (cosmetic), you can file them both in different classes of goods/services. If you’re in the process of filing your trademark application, and you’re unsure which class to choose, contact us and we’ll help you with registration process.

USPTO Trademark Application: Filing Basis

USPTO Trademark Application: Filing Basis

A USPTO trademark application can be confusing when trying to determine not only the difference between filing basis (“in use” and “intent to use” applications), but which best suits your needs. The primary difference between these two versions comes down to whether your trademark is already in use commercially, or not, at the time of your application. Ultimately, the circumstances around your mark and how you plan to use it will determine the best trademark application to submit.


Want to learn more about working with Wilson Murphy Law to register your trademark? Fill out the form below and get your client prospect guide. 


What are the Differences Between “Intent to Use” and “In Use” Trademark Applications?

Much like their names infer, the main difference between “intent to use” and “in use” trademark applications involves the current usage of it. Are you already using it in commerce, or do you not have a need to do so yet but want it ready for future use? These are the questions you need to ask yourself when submitting a trademark application.

Below is a quick overview of these two trademark application options:

In Use (Actual Use)

When applying for a trademark that is already in use for commerce relating to goods or services currently sold with this mark, Section 1(a) Actual Use Application is the correct option to choose for your trademarking plans. This means that you have put your product out on the market for customers to purchase or consume (if it’s a YouTube channel or blog). 

Intent to Use Application

If you have plans to use your trademark in the future, but as of yet have not, a Section 1(b) Intent to Use application is ideal for your situation. If you have a coming soon sign on your website, you have not launched, never sold a product, or have not put any blog posts or videos out for consumption (if filing for your blog or YouTube channel), then you’ll have to file an Intent to Use application. 

If you have a coming soon sign on your website, you have not launched, never sold a product, or have not put any blog posts or videos out for consumption (if filing for your blog or YouTube channel), then you'll have to file an… Click To Tweet


USPTO Trademark Application Process and Qualifications

Trademark owners that are currently using their trademark will apply by using an “in use application basis. For its registration to be accepted, a Trademark Examining Attorney must have an example of it showing its use in commerce when filed. Failing to do so will delay the process because an Office Action goes to the applicant demanding an active example of the trademark. 

The owner will also have to share with the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) when the mark was first introduced into commerce and used. This means that the trademark is currently in use commercially when relating to products and services listed on the application. For example, if you were to submit an “in use” application for belts and hats, but you only show the mark used for hats, then belts do not qualify for this option. 

In this scenario, one can apply under “intent to use” concerning the belts since the trademark has not yet entered commercial use. This flexibility has helped many up and coming entrepreneurs develop branding for products, slogans, and even product names, and have the trademark protection they need before ever entering commercial use. 

pin about uspto trademark application filing

Don’t Underestimate the Power of a Trademark

Protecting current and future business initiatives and products is of critical importance to maintain competitiveness, highlighting the importance of trademark law. Whether you decide to use an “intent to use” trademark application option or “in use”, this process helps support your efforts to protect your property in a competitive marketplace. And don’t forget, before even starting the trademark process, you need to do a trademark search first. 

Ready to register your trademark?

Find out more about the USPTO trademark application process.

Invest in trademark registration: See what happens

Invest in trademark registration: See what happens

In December of 2019, I was about to pull the trigger on the $5k club coaching program. My biz girlfriend highly recommended it, but I was over investing in my business and not getting ANY results. I was investing in other coaches, copywriters, FB ads, and everything else with little to no results and I was OVER IT. 

I know what it’s like to make these investments in your business, and it’s nothing to take lightly. And registering your trademark is no different. 

By the end of this post, you’ll get a glimpse of what happens when you invest in your trademark, and how it advances your business.

1.Positive trademarks generate customer loyalty

We all have brand loyalty to certain companies. Mine? Target and Chik-Fil-A.

Why? Because these companies have INCREDIBLE customer service. Any time I go to these companies, I know I’ll feel a certain way after I leave.

They’ve built their trademarks on goodwill. But those aren’t the only ways that you can build brand loyalty with your trademarks. 

One way to do this is to produce quality products consistently, so that your customer can’t imagine going to anyone else. A company that has done a great job of this is Subaru. They have a cult like following and their customers repeatedly buy their cars.

When you have a registered trademark, you can protect your brand from infringers who try to use your good name. Many times they are trying to confuse your customers so that the customers buy from them thinking it’s your business

2. You can expand into other product types and new markets

Are you only selling luxury or high ticket offerings?

Would you like to sell a lower tier offering so that you can expand your mark even more? Having a registered trademark and a brand that you’ve already established helps with expanding your products and market. 

Most registered trademark owners have a certain type of consumer buying their product. It’s easier to increase your client/customer base because the brand has already established a reputation. So what does this look like? 

A brand like Mercedes started producing a less pricier car so that people who’s budget was lower could still purchase their product. 

But maybe you’re on the other side of this, and mostly sell lower tiers, and want to offer a higher tier product. 

A company that’s been able to do this is Toyota through their Lexus brand. Toyota also has a loyal following, so when they came out with their luxury brand, they were able to expand their market to customers who had bigger budgets and loved the Toyota quality.

For my service based businesses, most of you have a high ticket offering, but you can expand your client base and allow people to test the water by offering lower ticket items before they invest in the big ones.

3. Investors are more likely to fund your business

Investors love trademark registration. They are risking their own money because they believe in your business. They want to ensure that their money isn’t going down the toilet. 

Investors don’t want your competition swooping in and registering the trademark. They don’t want to risk their money going to a lawsuit because you didn’t do the due diligence to get a trademark search and file the trademark application. Investors want to be assured that their money will continue to grow and make money.

Investors don’t want your competition swooping in and registering the trademark. They don’t want to risk their money going to a lawsuit because you didn’t do the due diligence to get a trademark search and file the trademark… Click To Tweet

If you invest in your trademark, investors interpret it as you not believing in your business. If you’re not protecting your business’s future, why should they? 

According to a 2018 study, Trademarks in Entrepreneurial Finance: Empirical Evidence from Venture Capital Investments in Private Firms and Venture-Backed IPOs, found that  registering trademarks help with business health, venture capital investment, and even IPO success.

4. Registered trademarks increase in value over time

The longer your business is open, the more likely you’ll have business growth, and an increase in customers/clients. This means more people are becoming aware of your brand.

More brand awareness = More clients

More clients = More money

More money = Increase in value in your business

Consumers and investors look at your business as a whole, and your intellectual property portfolio is included. If you ever wanted to sell your business, the buyer will want to know the valuation of your company including your trademarks. That’s why it’s so important to invest in your trademark.

A company like HoneyPot had less value 10 years ago than it does today because there is more brand awareness. And now, just the name HoneyPot, brings value to the company.

pin for pinterest stating what happens when you invest in your trademark

5. Don’t use the trademark any more? Then sell it!

The best part about your investment is that it lasts as long as you’re still using it. You’ll have to “renew” it every 10 years through the USPTO website, but as long as you’re using the trademark as stated on the application, you should have no issue.

And you know what you can do if you decide you don’t want to use the trademark any more? 

You can sell it! 

Trademarks are running out, and some people are dying to use ONE NAME because of emotional ties. Now you’re getting a return on your investment from selling off your trademark that you no longer use because you own it. 

When you invest in your trademark, the sky’s the limit. There are so many opportunities and advantages of registering your trademark, and you can get started today for free. 


By grabbing the trademark process roadmap! This roadmap is a step by step guide that discusses what to expect when going through the trademark registration process. It also includes common mistakes that I see with trademarks and filing your trademark applications. 

What to include in your terms and conditions

What to include in your terms and conditions

Do you ever wonder why the heck you have a terms and conditions page on your website? Do you know what to include in your terms and conditions? Well, let’s chat about that today. I think it’s so important when it comes to the legal part of your business to know why you need to do certain things and not just blindly doing it because someone said so. 

Terms and conditions (or Terms of Service) is an agreement that you put on your website that your visitors know how to behave when they are visiting your site. By setting out these expectations, it is easier to defend your right as the owner not allowing them on your website. Expectations are so much easier if you have a list telling someone what to do. If a visitor does violate your terms and service, you can ban them from your website or even sue them if it’s detrimental. Now that you know what terms and conditions are for, let’s get into what to include in your terms and conditions. 

Refund policy

If you sell services or goods, then you need to have a refund policy. Your refund policy needs to be consistent across the board. If your refund policy isn’t consistent, then any chargeback will likely err on the side of the purchaser. Do you want to lose thousand dollar chargebacks? I didn’t think so. By having a refund policy, the purchaser agrees to how you handle refunds, and it’s harder to argue against it. Also, I recommend that you add refund policies to the pages of your products/services. Your refund policy should include the following: 

  • The numbers of days a customer has to return a product
  • What kind of refund you will give to the customer after they return an item
  • Who will pay for the return? If you sell digital products, whether you accept refunds, and if so, in what cases. 

Intellectual property

Not sure what intellectual property is? Intellectual property is a work or invention that is the result of creativity. Intellectual property includes copyrights, trademarks, patents, and trade secrets. The content you produce on your website is copyrighted material. The name of your website and any courses you create are trademarks. The ultimate protection you get is by registering your intellectual property with the right federal agency. By including how people can use your intellectual property, it will keep visitors clear about whether or not they can share your content. Some people don’t want to share any of their blog content, but there are other websites like BuzzFeed who encourage their visitors to share. 

Also, if you register your trademarks, you must defend them, or you’ll dilute your brand and will no longer have the same type of protection. If you aren’t protecting your intellectual property, then it’s hard for people to distinguish you from the millions out there. So if someone violates your terms regarding your intellectual property, you should include the consequences, such as deactivating their account or sue them for damages.

Limitation of liability

A limitation of liability clause limits the amount and types of damages one party can recover from the other party. You can’t put a financial cap on death or personal injury arising out of negligence or fraud or fraudulent misrepresentation. You must follow the state’s laws, and the limitation must be reasonable, clear, and conspicuous. If your limitation is confusing or contradictory, the court will construe it in favor of the client/customer.  


Because your website is yours, you can stop people from coming to it, if they don’t abide by your terms and conditions. When you have a termination clause, you can tell your visitors the expectations you have from them when they visit your site. If a visitor can’t follow this, then you are allowed to terminate use. Termination is especially useful for those who have memberships and subscriptions. Most termination clauses contain two standard points: 

1. If you violate the terms and conditions, the owner can revoke access;

 And 2. The business is allowed to terminate for any reason at the discretion of the business. 

Some things that businesses include for grounds for termination are stealing your intellectual property, making disparaging comments, and not paying the fee if it’s a membership or subscription service. 

Incorporate your privacy policy

By incorporating your privacy policy by reference, your visitor agrees to follow your terms and conditions AND privacy policy. It’s a 2 for 1, and who doesn’t love that? 

Example: Our Privacy Policy incorporated by reference into these Terms and Conditions.

Bonus: Include a clickwrap so that your visitor has to expressly agree to your terms. I’m still trying to figure out how to add a clickwrap pop up without a ton of pop-ups on my page. But in short, a clickwrap is a pop up that says, “I agree.” It is a legally secure and easy way of creating binding agreements with your visitors online. There are a few legal cases that discuss clickwrap.

Now that you know, are you going to include these sections in your terms and conditions? Do you have terms and conditions on your website at all? If you don’t, you can grab it from my contract template shop. It takes about 15-20 minutes to fill in, and costs 1/2 the price of hiring an attorney.

5 Reasons You Need to Register a Trademark

5 Reasons You Need to Register a Trademark

Your business is growing and you’ve been hearing the buzz about registering a trademark all over entertainment blogs.

You also know people who have had their trademarks stolen and it’s something that lingers in the back of your mind. Some days you think, “That’s never going to happen to me”, and then you go in your Facebook Group and see that it happened to one of your cohorts.

In this post, we are discussing why it is so important for to register a trademark for your business’s name because many times it’s put on the back burner. There are many benefits that business owners don’t realize they receive after registration. Business owners know how important the legal aspects are, but don’t know where to start or how to grow their business.

But today, you’ll find that the sooner you file your application, the better so you can take advantage of these benefits.

trademark business name

1.  You have ownership rights

This is THE #1 reason to register a trademark. Having ownership rights means that you actually own the name (in the case of word marks) in association with the product or service that you sell. Being the owner of a registered trademark allows you to enforce your mark against any infringers (see more about this below).

You also know that when you trademark a business name, it is officially yours and that you aren’t infringing on someone else’s mark. Building a brand on a name that belongs to someone is costly. It can result in shutting down your business, excess attorney fees to defend a lawsuit, and damages because the other party will take action if you get caught.

2. Use of the (R) symbol

The registered symbol informs everyone that your mark is registered and that you are ready to defend it against infringers. When you use the registered symbol, you are claiming rights as the owner of the trademark. The registered symbol can be used whether you’re on the principal or supplemental register.

You are only allowed to use the registered symbol after the TM Office approves your TM. If you use the registered symbol before approval then your application is in danger of denial because it is illegal to use that mark if your mark is not registered.

3. When you register your trademark, you have the ability to sue infringers in Federal Court

Once you register a trademark, it is your duty and responsibility to defend it. If you are not defending your mark, you are risking dilution. If your trademark becomes diluted, it does not have the same type of protection as it does when you first registered your trademark. In a nutshell, dilution occurs when someone uses a famous mark in a manner that blurs or tarnishes the mark. The easiest way to ensure that no is infringing on your mark is to monitor your trademarks (link).

When you decide to sue your infringers, the Federal Court presumes that you own the mark, if registered. This means that you have less to prove in court. If you win your case, then you can be awarded the following:

  • Court order (injunction) that the defendant stop using the accused mark;
  • An order requiring the destruction or forfeiture of infringing articles;
  • Monetary relief, including defendant’s profits, any damages sustained by the plaintiff, and the costs of the action; and
  • An order that the defendant, in certain cases, pay the plaintiffs’ attorneys’ fees.

4. When you register a trademark, you own a valuable asset

Trademarks are one of the most valuable assets of your business. As you continue to grow, your trademark gains value. Brands like Apple, Coca Cola, Google, and Netflix have brands valued in the BILLIONS due to the brand recognition they’ve acquired. Once your brand is earning more and more recognition, other companies are going to notice you.

Trademarks are one of the most valuable assets of your business. As you continue to grow, your trademark gains value. Brands like Apple, Coca Cola, Google, and Netflix have brands valued in the BILLIONS due to the brand recognition… Click To Tweet

You can license your mark to another company to use for collaborations. A license is when you allow another company or person to use your trademark to make products or conduct services under a trademark licensing agreement.

Another way that you can use your trademark is to sell it. There are plenty of companies looking to acquire names that they love and have built their brand on, but you have the trademark. If you are no longer using the mark and have no plans on using it, you can sell and assign the mark over to that company.  In the end, either of these strategies means money for your company. When you invest in your trademark, there’s many things you can do so that it earns money for you.

register a trademark

5. Use it for foreign trademark filing

Remember that filing your trademark in the USA only gives you exclusive rights in the 50 states of the USA. But you can file your trademark in other countries which many companies do for strategic reasons before they even file in the US, but that’s another story.

If you have your US trademark registration, you can use your US trademark registration as a basis for filing in another country. The Madrid Protocol allows you to seek registration in any of the countries that have joined the Madrid Protocol. You can file a single application, called an “international application,” with the International Bureau of the World Property Intellectual Organization (WIPO), through the USPTO.

Final thoughts on the benefits of registering a trademark for your business

There you have it, the 5 reasons that you need to register a trademark. If you have a name that you want to trademark, but aren’t sure that it’s up to par, then snag the trademark freebie below. It’s a guide that helps you understand the trademark process and mistakes to avoid when picking a name and filing an application.

How to Prevent Your Online Course From Being Stolen

How to Prevent Your Online Course From Being Stolen

 Online courses are huge right now, but creators have to deal with their online course being stolen. It is one of the most common questions from my clients. If you’re putting the course out there, there is no sure-fire way that it won’t get taken. But in this post, I am going to share with you the inside scoop to prevent it from happening and even if it does, there are consequences.

  1. Prevent someone from stealing your online course by adding Terms of Use on your business website

    So you have this website, and whether you know it or not, your website is your property. You can tell people how to behave on your property. By writing terms of use on your website, you are creating a contract between yourself and your site visitors. The site visitors have to abide by your terms if they continue occupying your website.

    To prevent someone from trying to steal your content, which may include your course, make sure you include information on how content on your site should be used. A good example is from Buzzfeed’s Terms of Service:

    “The Services may contain Content specifically provided by us, our partners or our users and such Content is protected by copyrights, trademarks, service marks, patents, trade secrets or other proprietary rights and laws. You shall abide by all copyright notices, information, and restrictions contained in any Content accessed through the Services. The trademarks, logos, trade names and service marks, whether registered or unregistered (collectively the “Trademarks”) displayed on the Site are Trademarks of BuzzFeed and its third-party partners.”

    This is only part of the intellectual property section of Buzzfeed’s term of use, but you get the idea. Buzzfeed’s terms also include a use license, which gives users permission to use their content in a specific manner.

  2. Terms of Use on your course sales page

    Since you have the Terms of Use on your website, go over to your sales page and do the same thing. Ashlyn Carter has an excellent license for her templates.

    “By purchasing your template or any product from The AW Shop™, you are granted one revocable, worldwide, non-exclusive license to the product(s) You have purchased. If you violate this license by giving or selling a copy of Our template(s)/product(s) to anyone other, or if you imply that anyone who gets access to our template/product(s) has the right to use it for his/her/its commercial purposes, We reserve the right to invoice you for the licenses you have gifted to others and revoke your access to our template(s)/product(s) permanently.”

    This addresses how many people can use her product, and what happens to you if you violate her license agreement.

  3.  Watermark your content for videos and/or use the copyright symbol to prevent someone from stealing your online course

    If you are conducting webinars, make sure you pop your head in the videos. This shows that you are the person who is instructing the course. Additionally, by adding a watermark to your webinar videos, your followers can recognize your videos and alert you if someone else is selling them.

    Last but not least, use the copyright symbol on all of your courses, e-books, freebies, and anything you give or sell to your clients/customers. This puts everyone on notice that you are the creator of the material. The copyright notice format is:

    © 2019 John Doe All Rights Reserved

    Will this stop everyone from trying to steal your course? No, because some people just don’t have a moral compass and think they can get away with any and everything. But every Regina George is hit by the bus at some point, and they will eventually see their day in court. After you read this, go to your website and content that you have created, and implement these strategies.

  4. Trademark the name of your course

    Trademarking the name of your course will not protect the online course content from being stolen. BUT when someone comes to you saying that your course name has been stolen, you can send a cease and desist letter. Then, the course creator will have to stop selling that course. Trademarking is insurance for your company name because consumers associate it with your brand.

    Want some examples of business owners who have trademarked their course?

    • Marie Forleo- “Copy Cure”
    • Marie Forleo- “B- School”
    • Amy Porterfield- “List Builder’s Lab”
    • Ashlyn Carter- “Copywriter’s For Creatives”

Want to make sure that you have the legal “stuff” in place for your online course? Fill out the form below and I’ll see how I can help.